Friday, 25 December 2009
Tuesday, 22 December 2009
Mic Geronimo Live in 95' - Rare Video
Support the artists featured:
Thanks to Tizer One I.D. & Solo One V.O.P. for the transfer...
Sunday, 20 December 2009
Paris-Tonkar The French Graffiti scenes version of Subway Art
Paris-Tonkar "Graffiti art in Paris and France in the 1980s."
This book was legendary, and instrumental in the European Graffiti scene, as there were very few books, if any back then. Many of the writers who featured in the book came to London in the late 80's early 90's and their ridiculously fat-cap tags were everywhere in the West End, and it really influenced London Handstyles.
The book documents the groundbreaking Paris scene walls, Subways "Le Metro", and loads of street bombing, with names like (London ex-pat) Mode2, Bando, Nasty, Stem and many more. Its very hard to track down but if you see a copy grab it!
We recently mentioned Siba Giba originally from Paris, a French American Hip-Hop artist, Producer and Journalist . He has released two books, one a Hip-Hop version of the famous original Paris Graffiti Book 'Paris-Tonkar', featuring interviews with KRS-One, Tim Dog, and others in 1992. More info here
Paris Street Bombing
Paris Street Bombing
Nastie by Nasty (left), Again by Nasty
Assorted sketches by Bando & Stem (left), beginning of "Metro section"
Steph production by Stef
Unknown Street Piece
Jon156 (New York Subway Legend and Paris native)
Index fetauring prolific Paris Crews and their members
More info and flicks found here
Monday, 14 December 2009
Friday, 11 December 2009
Six senior doctors have begun legal action to force a new inquest into the death of Dr David Kelly, the scientist who died days after being exposed as the source of a controversial BBC story on the Iraq war. Info here
The only official verdict has come from the Hutton Inquiry, commissioned by Tony Blair, which concluded that Dr Kelly, 59, died from loss of blood after cutting his wrist with a blunt gardening knife.
"Why I know weapons expert Dr David Kelly was murdered, by the MP who spent a year investigating his death"
By NORMAN BAKER MP
from the Daily Mail
Sussex MP and Champion for an inquiry into the Death of the Weapons expert website here
Wednesday, 9 December 2009
The best-selling books BLACK Scientists & Inventors 1, 2 & 3
The inventors of the traffic light, light bulb and the third rail and many more.
These books are designed to be used by children between the ages of 7-16.
They cover the topic of Black Scientists and Inventors.
Monday, 7 December 2009
Its nearly been a year since The Kool Skool started blogging. As some of you may, or may not know, we have been involved in many artistic excapades for many years before that, and professional journalism is one of them. After many of the mags ebbed away and chasing up "Editors" for jobs, or waiting 3 1/2 months for £125 checks we decided to go it alone. The Kool Skool website with the 150+ interviews is getting closer to a reality, you will have to put up with this until then...
But in true Kool Skool fashion we are adding on, and spreading love to the blogs that have inspired us, and kept us moving... To those who deserve it, thank you for the support!
BREAK FOR DAYS & BEATS FOR WEEKS - Kid Dynomite
I had to start with the first blog I ever saw, and the reason there is even a Kool Skool Blog. Its by an ally of ours Kid Dynomite. Kid Dynomite is one of those miracles of the U.K. Hip-Hop scene, it starts with an understated "come to my house and hang out, check some of my records." When you get there after the 4th or 5th "have you got this 12" you realize how shaky your record collection actually is. The depression sets in then the Sneaker/Trainer/Kicks collection comes out, and you start feeling light headed... Kid Dyno is a great guy, Hip-Hop giant, and Itch family member, and knows his history, support him here
That Real Schitt - Phill Most AKA THE SOULMAN
Over the years while many "Hip-Hop Journalists" were bum-rushing the new "Hot MC" of the minute, we made it our business to track down the Pioneers of the Hip-Hop Culture, people like Lil' Rodney C, Ed O.G., Kool DJ Red Alert, Serve TC5 and many others. Phil Most Chill is an independant MC/DJ/Producer and blogger, who we knew from his self released 12" "On Tempo Jack". He has an excellent blog, with info and serious beat digging mixtapes that are constantly are being bumped on our stereo, please check it here
The Secret Sun/The Solar Sattelite/The Solar Seminar - CHRISTOPHER KNOWLES
This is our favourite blog Christopher Knowles is a blog monster! The Secret Sun is his main blog it deatls with "Modern Mythology, Alt-History and Pop-Cult Symbology from the author of the Eagle Award-winning Our Gods Wear Spandex: The Secret History of Comic Book Heroes, published by Red Wheel/Weiser and co-author of The Complete X-Files: Behind the Series, the Myths, and the Movies, published by Insight Editions." Just check out The Secret Sun here and his other two, The Solar Satellite hereand The Solar Seminar here
Ain't That Great Really - The Antagonizers
Not much really needs to be said about ATG really, Graffiti Kings, Rave Generals, Artisans, DJs and Family of forward thinkers, they are alot of what is good in the Big Smoke. Viva the Antagonizers here
Blen167 is an original Bronx bomber, although now lives in P.R. his blog is dedicated to spreading the knowledge of the often overlooked Puerto Rican role in graffiti history. For in depth info on the Latin American influence and tradition it can be found here
Hip-Hop Battlefield is the Zulu Nation's Drasar Monumental and family's excellent blog, they have really supported and we are greatful. Mixtapes and All-Elements info here
Funk What Ya Heard
Funk What Ya Heard have given us some light which we are greatful, Kicks/ Hip-Hop Mixtapes/info and videos a plenty here
Old School Hiphop Tapes
It doesn't get better than this!!! This Dutch master(mind) has uploaded many impossible to acquire Bronx Jams, UK and European Radio Tapes. This has got to be heard here to believe!!!
Real History Archives
Real History Archives is a fascinating look at recent History. Get your learn on with well over 5 years of Historical discourse, research and Archieve blogs here and The Real History Archives website can be found here
Sye is an old School New York Graffiti legend and TC5 repper, for info on Sye and the TC5 crew check this slick blog here
Fashion Styling rising star Alex Noble has been a professional Artist/visionary for many years now and after recently creating one of outfits for Moloko, Paloma and Lady Ga Ga, his future is looking bright. Keep a eye on his rise here
Thunderdog Studios is a design studio doing some really exciting things with Typography and design, check them here
Say something beautiful or be quiet - Solo One
Solo One is a UK graffiti Giant who has representented for years in many formats, his blog is full of great images and info! Found here
THE CUTTING EDGE - Exposing the Deep Politics of the new "War on Terror" - Dr Nafeez Ahmed
Dr Nafeez Ahmed is a bestselling author and political analyst. His blog is a real eye opening look at modern Geo-politics check it here
Peering Through The Looking Glass
Peering Through The Looking Glass is a very interesting look at Politics and Synchromistic occurrences, see it here
Sunday, 29 November 2009
"So this is what a real man drinks." - Malt Liquor Advertising Slogan
40oz's is a cheap above average measurement of alcohol, Beer or in particular Malt Liquor, that became popular in the early 90's as almost an accessory in the "Timbo era" of Rap. Blamed for inner city violence, destruction of the Black Community, glamorising illegal street drinking, underage sex, fuelling Gang Related feuds, Alcoholism and exacerbating an already negative situation for people in Urban America.
The Early Years, The 1970's and direct marketing to the Black community
The Lockers - Foundation Dance group form L.A.
Tastes Like Schlitz"
Redd Fox - Colt45 Promo
Colt 45 hired National cross over Superstar Comedian Redd Foxx to front their campaign, but it does appear to be a bit tasteless with him drink driving? Saying that there is definitely an irresponsible Car culture theme running in the later St. Ides West Coast advertisements, as we shall soon see.
The refined 1980's, King Cobra, and Billy Dee for Colt45
Fred "The Hammer" Williamson played American Football for the Kansas City Chiefs in the 1960's later becoming an actor
Actor Billy Dee Williams famous for the Lando Callrission character in Star Wars Trilogy, was the next generation of Black celebrities to be courted by the Malt Liquor industry. Mr. Williams represented the classy,aspirational element of the community that Colt45 tried to align their product to.
"I even made Billy Dee sell Colt45" - Special K
Colt45 - Every time
People Under The Stairs - "Beer" 7"
An Hip-homage to Mr. Dee's service to Beer drinkers
7" centre art
"It works every time" Relaxed (hair!)
1990 St. Ides and Raps New Generation
St. Ides Malt Liquor
Towards the mid to late 1980's in Ronald Reagan's yuppie society, the reality for the left behind young people growing up in the Crack infested Cities, gone were the older emotional Soul ballads and Smooth Buppie role models, the sound that shone was Hip-Hop music. Hip-Hop being a predominantly party based genre, many songs had already mentioned B-Boys favourite drinks, Eazy-E's 8 Ball, Mr. X & Mr. Z's (The Dismasters) Eric B. & Rakim “I Know You Got Soul” parody "We Drink Old Gold" celebrating Olde English 800 in 1987, and Coqui 900 by Phillie Gangsta rapper Schoolly D, amongst others.
Eazy E unofficial Olde English memorial t-shirt
Coqui900 - The choice of Phillie's 80's B-Boys
"Coqui 900 turns summer to a killer" - Schoolly D
Schooly D - Smoke Some Kill
"More Power Too You"
As Hip-Hop music started to pick up National and International success, the Corporate work started to pay more attention to the emerging culture. St. Ides was launched, aggressively targeted the predominantly Black and Latino markets through direct Hip-Hop Marketing, by signing up the top Hip-Hop artists of the time and buying up Radio airtime and T.V. slots. By looking at the artists it becomes easy to see the direction St. Ides were going, with artists like Ice Cube, Kool G Rap, Scarface & Geto Boys, King Tee (feat. his DJ E-Swift of Alkoholics), DJ Pooh, Yo-Yo, EPMD, Eric B & Rakim, Cypress Hill, they were the more hardcore, West Coast style Gangsta Groups.
Then when the post Boys In The Hood, "G-Funk" era evolved, MC Eiht, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Warren G, and later on Tupac, Wu-Tang, Redman and even Biggie Smalls. The plan was a great success and increased St. Ides sales by 25% in the first year, and St. Ides became white college students favourite malt liquor.
Young Black Teenagers - Tap The Bottle featuring DJ Scribble
Snoop Dogg St. Ides promo Point of Sale poster
The West Coast artists really hit it big with the Corporate market. When you look at the St. Ides roster, 2/3 of the artists are L.A. Rappers and DJs. So-called L.A. Gangsta Rap was beginning its ascent, perhaps because in the West the climate is more acceptable for all year round street drinking. King Tee was one of the pioneers of Hooptie Rap, the Low Rider Car Culture cross-over, originally a Latin scene, to include the African American community . DJ Pooh was his DJ at the time, even though he is a legend as a DJ, but he became a big player in the Production side of the West Coast Hip-Hop scene as well. He featured as comedy relief in many early 90's Rap videos like "The Mack" in Ice Cube's Who's The Mack.
DJ Pooh is also better known now for co-writing and acting in the "Friday" film and recent Cartoon series with Ice Cube.
King Tee & DJ Pooh
"If you want to act a fool make sure St. Ides is in the place..." - King Tee
King Tee's Commercial
King Tee hopping out of the St. Ides Hooptie for a case
King Tee & DJ Pooh fighting over a case
DJ Pooh Commercial - Drink & Drive?
DJ Pooh "big shots on the East Coast"
Near miss with a black Mac truck full of Liquid death heading for a Hood near you...
DJ Pooh St. Ides Promo
Ice Cube, Mixed Messages and the Conscious Backlash
"We are at War!" Sister Soulja
"Sudz in da Hood"
Kill At Will-Ice Cube solo EP
Ice Cube after leaving N.W.A. reached out to Public Enemy and their Bomb Squad production team to produce much of his early solo releases. It was a shrewed move for two reasons. P.E. were the most popular groups in Conscious Hip-Hop Movement, so it cemented Cube as more than just a West Coast gang banger MC; but also the union shielded him from much of the N.W.A. fans backlash.
"Farrakhan's Flame Thrower" - Dr. Khalid Muhammad (middle) wIth Ice Cube (right) Photo credit - "The Man of Many Faces: Pt. 1: Uncovering the Truth About Dr. Malachi Z. York" by Yovan Christenson
As Cube continued to develop his more pro-Black consciousness sound, his songs became more outspoken and upfront. He aligned himself with the Nation Of Islam and its National Spokesman Dr. Khalid Muhammad (and later the New Black Panther Party). For example one of Dr. Muhammad's speeches feature on the controversial Cave B***h (Death Certificate album), and he even occasionally featured at Hip-Hop concerts & albums. The N.O.I. Minister for Los Angeles was also like Dr. Muhammed, very influencial within the Hip-Hop community, and the Organization was very popular there. Watts Rapper Kam (signed to Ice Cube's label "Lench Mob") was a Nation Rapper, and ex-N.W.A. band mate MC Ren was also affiliated.
Death Certificate - Ice Cube
But with the new message came obligations. Many within the Hip-Hop and Conscious movement, found his heavily publisiced endorsement, and almost spokesman role, for a particularly destructive avenue of the Alcohol Industry, on one hand; and his connection to the N.O.I., (who unlike the 5% Nation of Gods and Earths have strict No Alcohol and Smoking laws) confusing. On the back of Death Certificate is a split panel photo of Gang Bangers on one side, and on the other, the upright members of the F.O.I. Fruit Of Islam, the Security for the N.O.I. (and often Hip-Hop acts). Most Street guys, could understand the dichotomy and duality of the City existance, but murmerings of hypocrisy were starting to appear. "How can he be down with the destroyers of the Black Community while being part of the builders of that same community?"
Ice Cube speaking at a N.O.I. meeting in the early 90's
Ice Cube - St. Ides commercial
At this time Ice Cube, who without a doubt did more Commercials for St. Ides than all of the Rappers, came under a lot of peer pressure for his part in the promoting of Malt Liquor. Sista Soulja and the rest of Public Enemy were openly critical in several songs that appear to be aimed at him. Sister Souljah on her 1992 360 Degrees Of Power album, released on "Wild Buck Beer Rap" which featured what appeared to be a parody of Ice Cube (and probably others) - "MC Just Want To Get Paid". Although confusingly, Ice Cube also featured as a guest on the album.
"Violate you, a Muslim drinking brew" - Common Sense in The B***h In You
Chicago Afro-centric MC Common (then Common Sense) came out with a Pete Rock produced beef track The B***h In You, which out of nowhere was one of the most vicious battle records in Hip-Hop history. Ice Cube who after dodging high calibre N.W.A and Dr Dre diss records, still remained one of the most popular Rappers until that time.
"And videos wit white boys talking you get Wicked
Natural Born Killa, n***a you natural born God
Read, rich, got the nerve to say you rob
Hypocrite, I'm filling out your Death CertificateSlanging bean pies and St. Ide's in the same sentence
Shoulda' repented, on the 16th of October"
Common Sense in The B***h In You
Common who although not very commercially successful, was an underground star, and as he approached him not on a "Gansta-fied" level, but on a doctrinal/Hip-Hop level, Ice Cubes foundations looked rocky.
Eric B & Rakim
Eric B. & Rakim's promos were some of the most popular, and sound like un-released tracks from their last Don't Sweat The Technique album. As stated above, "the God Rakim Allah" as a 5%er did not have the same conflicts in Lessons, as Alchohol & even Drugs were allowed in its infancy , so remained untouched for the most part by the issue.
Texas group Geto Boys, Willie D, Bushwick Bill and Scarface. Jamaican born Bushwick Bill after his much publicized Suicide attempt,recorded a St. Ides advert.
Ice Cube & The Geto Boys - St. Ides Commercial
Geto Boys - Damn It Feels Good To Be A Gangsta
Cypress Hill - "I just Want to Kill A Can"
Dr Dre & Snoops Low Rider transforms into...
a St. Ides bottle...
An underage Snoop Dogg & Dr. Dre "pumpin' that (Liquid) bass"
DR.DRE & Snoop Dogg - St. Ides Commercial
Snoop & Tupac Special Brew Flavoured Malt Liquor, marketing "Ghetto Juice", a mixture of 40oz M.L. with Wine Cooler
As Tupac joined the St. Ides payroll, Biggie Smalls got too...
Biggie Smalls - St. Ides P.O.S.
So drunk he doesn't realise he is throwing his dub upside down...
Notorious BIG - St. Ides commercial
The mid 90's and Direct aim at the Black Market
Midnight Dragon - "I'm gonna get you sucka!"
"Genocide kickin' in yo back
How many times have you seen
A black fight a black
After drinkin' down a bottle
Or a malt liquor six-pack
Malt liquor bull
What it is is bullshit Colt
45 another gun to the brain
Who's sellin' us pain
In the hood another up to no good
Plan that's designed by the other man
But who drink it like water
One and on till the stores reorder it
Brothers cry broke but they still affordin' it
Sippin' it lick drink it down oh nooo
Drinkin' poison but they don't know
It used to be wine
A dollar and a dime
Same man, drink in another time
They could be hard as hell and don't give a damnBut still be a sucker to the liquor man!"
"1 Million Bottlebags" - Public Enemy from Apocalypse 91: The Enemy Strikes Black 1991
Elemental Hip-Hop culture magazine feature on the 40oz and the 40oz Crew
What's In A Name?
Perhaps the fact that it is a large quantity of Beer, and the demographic, not for the weak willed, the names are either named after Wild and Dangerous animals:
Wild Cat, Pit Bull, Crazy Horse, Dark Horse, King Cobra, Wildcat, Panther Coco, The Beast, The Cat, Stallion
Crazy Horse- "The Jack Daniel's of 40's"
To Guns and Fighting:
Black Belt, Boxer, Camo Silver Ice, Cyclone Power, Dakota Kick, Iron City, Laser, Magnum, Turbo 1000
When the Malt Liquor competition got fierce, it seemed like the Distilling marketing people really went off into the deep end. Many brands gained blatent Gambling, "Big Figures" and "Black" connectations, either colour wise or so-called "Ebonics" or "Hood" references:
"Olde Gold" - Traditional, Ice 800 (Menthol like Cool Colt) & High Gravity(?)
The following excerpt, taken from Sourcewatch.org, is from a post entitled “Kent and Newport Cigarettes Reaching the Black Community“:
"This 1971, 6-page marketing document from Lorillard proposes marketing strategies to increase sales of Newport cigarettes to lower income African Americans. One strategy was to create a Black advertising character called “Bold Soul”:
Newport "Bold Soul"
"…complete with dashiki and natural, the Bold Soul is intended to create a relevancy that associates Newport with modern Black pride and individuality. The Bold Soul was also used to project an image of masculinity. Headline, short copy and language…tended to concentrate of the blue collar aspect, as well as the lower-middle to lower income levels accounting for 83% of the Black population."** found here
Private Stock (not very private if its only a buck 50), again promoting the aspect of "power"...
Pit Bull promoting fighting breeds
As the companies saw an opening in the Market the messages and the target audience became less "Camo"-flaged, and the backlash against the "Hip-Hop-ified" marketing created strong condemnation within many spheres of the Black community.
Phat Boy- Using Hip-Hop termonology to market to Raps new generation
"Phat Boy NOTE: There was a lot of controversy surrounding Phat Boy & it's target market (that being underage black kids) due to its label/name/colors, which is why it was eventually pushed off the market."*
Four O Ice - Mock graffiti, "hood graffics"?!
Brick House "Its all good"...
Again mock Graffiti, but this time with a disclaimer!
"The bottom of the label reads: "Respect yourself & the property of others. Keep the peace. Never drink & drive. Be responsible AT ALL TIMES."
And the back of the label reads: "To the People, From the People. For every can and bottle purchased a portion of proceeds are put directly back into your community. South Central LA, Oakland, Compton and others benefit from (CPP). Community Partners Program"*
Gee thanks - or as Chuck D would say "Shut em down!"
Satirical advert, suggesting 40oz & Graffiti go hand in (Can) Hand
Skateboard Drink Driving parody
Satirical 40oz bottle label, critisizing the cycle of violence and alcohol fuelled murder in inner city U.S.A.
The wide spread use of this phrase was popularized by Ice Cubes song Dead Homiez and John Singleton's film Boyz In The Hood
Afroman - Colt45 Christmas
Comedy Rap Album
Olde English 800 "8 Ball"
64 & 40oz versions "When enough is NOT enough!"
"Malt Liquor Hits"
MILS from Soul Assassins
Corporations and Health Watch provides activists, researchers, health professionals, policy makers and others with information and resources so they can act to change corporate practices that harm health. Bellow is a segment of their findings. More info here
"Industry Malt Practice: Maria Alaniz, a member of San Jose's Human Rights Commission, says "malt-liquor advertising is "the most lowlife" alcohol advertising--the worst of a manipulative lot."
Snoop Dogg St. Ides P.O.S.
"The malt liquor industry, drunk on high-octane sales to the black hip-hop nation, sets its sights on the Latino youth market
Hard-liquor commercials continued on Spanish-language television even while the liquor industry was voluntarily keeping them out of the rest of the media. [A] study organized by Alaniz in Redwood City, Union City and Gilroy showed that the typical Latino student in those cities passed between 10 and 61 billboard liquor ads each day on the way to school
Although only a handful of Latino rappers have done malt liquor commercials, the rap/hip-hop connection is the key to understanding how malt liquor advertising has already penetrated the Latino youth market."
"Deathrow" (nodiggidy) Mixtape
213 (Snoop, Warren G, and Nate Dogg.) - St. Ides promo EP
01. St. Ides In The LBC
02. When We Sippin On The Brew
03. Drank Anthem
04. Dogg Food & Drank
"Hip-hop is not stratified along racial lines in the same way as the rest of the country," Themba says. "Advertisers have turned hip-hop into a single, multicultural market, with black kids as the 'opinion leaders.' It's called the 'hip-hop nation.' When they get black rappers to do ads for malt liquor, they're reaching black kids, Latinos and everybody else who identifies with the music."***
Hip-Hop Corporatism, Soul for Sale
"Sizzurp's attractive packaging and popular name make the brand a must have." - Dipset's Sizzurp Brand statement
50 Cent at General Motors
Since that period every fibre of the Hip-Hop movement has been up for grabs. Rapper driven Reality T.V. shows, Car Collaborations with Global Giants, Shoe and Clothes lines; it is a multi-Billion Dollar buisness, and i guess all most people really strive for is success, and who are we to judge. The Music industry, Organized Crime and the Alcohol industry have always been connected, and now some of the most powerful Alcohol Distributers own many of the Record labels, so it is a dream market move for them, Conglomerates direct marketing their wares, directly into the minds of the young music fans. Hip-Hop is also the most openly competitive Genre, so it reflects in the constant bar raising.
Is it Art reflecting life?
Is it really surprising that "Certified Gangsta's" Dipset released Sizzurp. Sizzurp replicates the Ghetto scourge of the South and Mid-West, where the drinking of Codine based Perscription Cough Medicine, regularly kills the people who become addicted to it.
"That Purple Punch"
Dipset "The New Black Panthers" - Jim Jones
Red + Blue = Purple
Codine based Grape flavored Cough Medicine the cheap "legal" high
Rappers regularly product place luxury items, but what happens when Hip-Hop becomes nothing but a sales pitch????
1970's "A completely unique experience..."
More in depth look at the history and more info on the history of the 40oz here
*The excellent and funny www.40ozmaltliquor.com is a site dedicated to documenting the 40oz market
A majority of the Bottle photos, Posters, P.O.S. featured & many more 40oz promos found here (Many thanks to Bruz and the guys at the site who kindly allowed me to use the imagery)
*** "Liquid Trouble" By J. Douglas Allen-Taylor From the July 24-30, 1997 issue of Metro.